WILD BIRDS SEEN AT THE ZOO

Woodland Park Zoo is one of the most wooded areas in municipal Seattle and as such, is prime territory for a variety of wild bird species.

This list compiles observations made by many people from the late 1970s through 2007. Coverage includes all land bounded by Phinney and Aurora Avenues, and by 50th and 59th Streets. No hypothetical species are included; only actual observations were tabulated. Omitted are non-established exotics (including chukar and various parrot species) which have been seen occasionally. Taxonomy and nomenclature follow the A.O.U. Check-list of North American Birds, 7th edition (1998).

Keys

 

Seasons

Abbreviation

Season

Calendar

F

Fall

Sep. - Nov.

W

Winter

Dec. - Feb.

Sp

Spring

Mar. - May

Su

Summer

Jun. - Aug.

 

Abundance

Abbreviation

Definition

A

Abundant: Found in great numbers, with little searching, during appropriate seasons.

C

Common: Usually found when sought in correct habitat and appropriate seasons.

U

Uncommon: Sometimes found in correct habitat, during appropriate seasons, with diligent searching; is seen on zoo grounds every year, at least in small numbers.

R

Rare: Only found on rare occasions, and not every year.

O

Occasional: Has been reported on zoo grounds less than five times.

Oh

Overhead: Has only been seen flying over the zoo.

*

Nester: Has been seen nesting on zoo grounds.

Western tanager

Warblers and tanager

Bird

Season

Abundance

Orange-crowned warbler

Sp, Su, F

U

Nashville warbler

Sp, Su

R

Yellow warbler

Sp, Su, F

U

Yellow-rumped warbler

All

C

Black-throated gray warbler

Sp, Su, F

U

Townsend's warbler

All

U

MacGillivray's warbler

Sp, Su

R

Common yellowthroat

Sp, Su, F

O

Wilson's warbler

Sp, Su, F

C

Western tanager

Sp, Su, F

C

 

Starlings and waxwings

Bird

Season

Abundance

European starling

All

A*

Bohemian waxwing

W

O

Cedar waxwing

Su, F

C

Blackbirds and orioles

Bird

Season

Abundance

Red-winged blackbird

All

R*

Yellow-headed blackbird

F, Sp

O

Brown-headed cowbird

Sp, Su

C*

Bullock's oriole

Sp, Su

R*

 

Sparrow and relatives

Bird

Season

Abundance

Spotted towhee

All

C*

Savannah sparrow

F, Sp

R

Fox sparrow

F, W, Sp

C

Song sparrow

All

C*

Lincoln's sparrow

Sp

R

White-throated sparrow

F, W, Sp

O

White-crowned sparrow

F, Sp

U

Golden-crowned sparrow

F, W, Sp

C

Dark-eyed junco

All

C*

Black-headed grosbeak

Sp, Su

U

Lazuli bunting

Sp, Su

O

Black capped chickadee

Chickadees and nuthatches

Bird

Season

Abundance

Black-capped chickadee

All

C*

Chestnut-backed chickadee

All

U*

Bushtit

All

C*

Red-breasted nuthatch

All

U*

 

 

 

american robin

Kinglets and thrushes

Bird

Season

Abundance

Golden-crowned kinglet

All

C*

Ruby-crowned kinglet

F, W, Sp

C

Townsend's solitaire

Sp, F

R

Swainson's thrush

F, Sp, Su

U

Hermit thrush

F, W, Sp

U

American robin

All

A*

Varied thrush

F, W, Sp

C

 

 

 

Creepers, wrens and dippers

Bird

Season

Abundance

Brown creeper

All

R

Bewick's wren

All

C*

Winter wren

All

U*

American dipper

F

O

Marsh wren

Sp

R

Barn swallow

Swallows

Bird

Season

Abundance

Purple martin

Su

O (Oh)

Tree swallow

Sp

O (Oh)

Violet-green swallow

F, Sp, Su

C*

Northern rough-winged swallow

Sp

O

Cliff swallow 

Sp, Su

U (Oh) 

Barn swallow

F, Sp, Su

C*
 

 

 

Steller's jay

Jays, crows and relatives

Bird

Season

Abundance

Steller's jay

All

U

Western scrub-jay

F

O

American crow

All

A*

 

 

 

Flycatchers, shrikes and vireos

Bird

Season

Abundance

Olive-sided flycatcher

F, Sp, Su

U

Western woodpewee

F, Sp, Su

U

Willow flycatcher

Su

O

Hammond's flycatcher

Sp, Su

R

Pacific-slope flycatcher

F, Sp, Su

U

Northern shrike

W

O

Cassin's vireo

F, Sp, Su

U

Hutton's vireo

All

U

Warbling vireo

F, Sp, Su

U

Barn owl

Pigeons, owls and nighthawks

Bird

Season

Abundance

Rock pigeon

All

C*

Band-tailed pigeon

All

U

Mourning dove

Sp

O

Barn owl

All

R

Great horned owl

F

U* 

Barred owl

All

U

Long-eared owl

F

O

Short-eared owl

F

O (Oh)

Common nighthawk

Su

O (Oh)

 

 

 

Swifts, hummingbirds and kingfishers

Bird

Season

Abundance

Black swift

Sp, Su

R (Oh)

Vaux's swift

Sp, Su, F

R (Oh)

Anna's hummingbird

All

C

Rufous hummingbird

Sp, Su

U

Belted kingfisher

All

U

 

 

 

Woodpeckers

Bird

Season

Abundance

Red-naped sapsucker

Sp

O

Red-breasted sapsucker

F, W, Sp

U

Downy woodpecker

All

U

Hairy woodpecker

All

O

Northern flicker

All

C*

Pileated woodpecker

Sp

O

Shorebirds, gulls and terns

Bird

Season

Abundance

American coot

F, W

O

Sandhill crane

F

R (Oh)

Sora

Su

O

Killdeer

Sp, Su

R

Spotted sandpiper

Sp

Wilson's snipe

F, W

O

Bonaparte's gull

F, S

O

Mew gull

F, W, Sp

U (Oh)

Ring-billed gull

F, W, Su

U (Oh)

California gull

F, W, Sp

R

Glaucous-winged gull

All

A*

Caspian tern

Sp, Su

R (Oh)

 

 

 

Bald eagle

Eagles, hawks, owls and falcons

Bird

Season

Abundance

Osprey

F, W, Sp

U (Oh)

Bald eagle

All

C (Oh)

Northern harrier

All

R

Sharp-shinned hawk

All

U

Cooper's hawk

All

C

Northern goshawk

W

O

Red-tailed hawk

All

U

Rough-legged hawk

W

O (Oh)

American kestrel

All

O (Oh)

Merlin

F, W, Sp

U

Peregrine falcon

F, W, Sp

U

Snowy owl

F

R (Oh)

 

 

 

Great blue heron

Cormorants, herons and vultures

Bird

Season

Abundance

Common loon

F, Sp, Su

O (Oh)

Double-crested cormorant

F, W, Sp

U

Great blue heron

All

C

Cattle egret

F

O (Oh)

Green heron

Sp

O

Black-crowned night heron

Su

O

Turkey vulture

F, W, Sp

U (Oh)

     

Waterfowl and quail

Bird

Season

Abundance

Greater white-fronted goose

F

O

Snow goose

F

R (Oh)

Canada goose

All

C

Trumpeter swan

F, W

R (Oh)

Tundra swan

F, W

R (Oh)

Wood duck

All

R*

Gadwall

All

U*

Eurasian wigeon

W

O

American wigeon

W

U

Mallard

All

A*

Blue-winged teal

F, W, Sp

O

Northern shoveler

W

O

Northern pintail

F, W, Sp

O (Oh)

Green-winged teal

F, W, Sp

O

Bufflehead

F, W, Sp

O

Common goldeneye

F, W

O (Oh)

Barrow's goldeneye

W

O (Oh)

Hooded merganser

F, W, Sp

O

Common merganser

W, Sp

R

California quail

All

R

English sparrow

Finches and weaver finches

Bird

Season

Abundance

Purple finch

Sp, F

R

House finch

All

C*

Red crossbill

F, W, Sp

R

Pine siskin

F, W, Sp

U

American goldfinch

All

U

Evening grosbeak

Sp, F

R

House sparrow

All

A*

 
 

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